Aquaculture and aquafarming

 

Aquaculture, also known as aquafarming, is the farming of aquatic organisms such as fish, crustaceans, molluscs and aquatic plants.

 

Aquaculture involves cultivating freshwater and saltwater populations under controlled conditions, and can be contrasted with commercial fishing,

 

which is the harvesting of wild fish. Mariculture refers to aquaculture practised in marine environments.